English translation of Maktubat Imam Rabbani (selective 100) | Mujaddid Alf sani | Sheikh Ahmad sirhindi
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This letter was written to Mirza Shamsaddin. It answers his letter and explains the states of savants of zahir, of men of tasawwuf, and of those distinguished savants who have reached perfection in knowledge and who are the inheritors of prophets:
Hamd be to Allahu ta'ala and blessings and salam be upon His prophets! I send my salam to you and to those who are on the right way. My dear brother Shaikh Muhammad Tahir has delivered the valuable letter you sent so kindly. We have been pleased to read it. You say that you have been and will be reading my letters of advice in Maktubat until we see each other. My Dear Sir! Giving advice is our primary duty in the din and is to adapt ourselves to the highest of Prophets' 'alaihimu-s- salawatu wattaslimat'. What the savants obtain of the din and their following Rasulullah is first their correcting their belief. Next comes their learning the teachings of the Shariat and practicing what they have learned. And what the men of tasawwuf obtain is hals, wajds, pieces of the knowledge of tasawwuf and marifats, together with those that are attained by the savants. And as for what the 'Ulama-i rasikhin obtain of the din who have been blessed with the glad tidings that they are prophets' inheritors, along with the fact that they have been blessed with the lot of obtaining all of what the savants of the din and the men of tasawwuf have obtained, they have been blessed with many a piece of secret and subtle knowledge. These pieces of secret and subtle knowledge are indicated by the concealed and covered ayats in the Qur'an, which are called mutashabihat. They have been explained by means of tawil. It is these superiors with rasikh (perfect) knowledge who adapt themselves to Rasulullah fully. These only are the inheritors of Rasulullah. Since they adapt themselves to Rasulullah precisely, and being prophets' inheritors, they get a share from the blessings bestowed upon prophets. They, too, are made to hear secret knowledge peculiar to those great people. They, therefore, have been honored with the glad tidings: "The savants of my Ummat are like the Prophets of the sons of Israil." [Imam-i Yafii, in his book named Nashr-ul-mahasin, reports that this hadith ash-Sharif is sahih. In many books, for example, in the letters number 268 and 294 of Maktubat, and in the letter number 121 in the third volume by Imam-i Rabbani, and also at the beginning of the book Lataif-ul-minan, this fact is written clearly. It is written in the book Al-hamilu fil-fulk, too.] Then, you, too, should hold fast to the way of the highest of prophets, of the beloved one of the Creator of all classes of beings! And you should struggle to attain the grade of being an inheritor, which is the uppermost of the grades of happiness!