English translation of Maktubat Imam Rabbani (selective 100) | Mujaddid Alf sani | Sheikh Ahmad sirhindi
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This letter, written to Fat'h Khan of Afghanistan, explains the tadil-i arkan, and says to hold fast to the Shariat and to abstain from bidats:
Thanks be to Allahu ta'ala! Safety and solace to the good people whom He has chosen and loved! Your blessed letter has arrived here, which informs of your worthy love and sincere attachment towards this faqir. May Allahu ta'ala place in our hearts the love of the great! What we would first advise our fortunate and dear friends of is to hold fast to the sunnat-i saniyya of Hadrat Muhammad Mustafa 'alaihissalatu wassalam'. In other words, each Muslim's first duty is to obey the Shariat and refrain from the things which the Shariat dislikes, from the bidats.
If a person uncovers an abandoned, forgotten sunnat, he will get the thawab of a hundred martyrs. Then, just imagine how much thawab there is in resuscitating a fard or wajib. Therefore, one should be careful about the tadil-i-arkan when performing namaz. In other words, at the ruku, at the sajda, at the qawma and at the jalsa, each limb should become motionless and remain so for a while; most of the savants of the Hanafi said that this was wajib. Imam-i Abu Yusuf and Imam-i Shafi'i said that it was fard. The majority of Muslims have been neglecting this. A person who reveals this one deed will be given much more thawab than that which is given to a hundred martyrs who have fought and given their lives in the way of Allah. This same rule applies to all the rules of the Shariat. That is, a person who teaches one of the halals, harams, makruhs, fards, wajibs and sunnats and has it obeyed will get the same amount of thawab.
Returning one cent to its owner which has been extorted unjustly, by violence and without any reason from a person, deserves far more thawab than giving hundreds of dollars as alms. It has been reported that if a person does the worships done by prophets and yet if he unjustly keeps somebody else's one cent, he will not enter Paradise unless he returns this one cent. It is also a human right upon the man to pay the mahr to the woman whom he has divorced. [It is said on the two hundred and seventy-sixth page of the fifth volume of Ibni Abidin, "It is not permissible to beat somebody else's child even if the child's father commands you to do so. The khodja (teacher) may beat his pupil three times with his hand in order to make him study. He is not permitted to beat it with a stick."]
In short, all our limbs should be embellished with practicing the rules of the Shariat. Then we should take care of our heart so that the deed should not be overcast with the slumber of oblivion! Without the heart's aid it will be difficult for the limbs to cling to the Shariat. The savants give the fatwa and say that something should be so or should not be so. But it devolves on men of Allah to place these into the heart. To strive to purify and enlighten the heart causes all the limbs to hold fast to the Shariat. He who busies with the heart only and does not cling to the Shariat is a mulhid. He has deviated from the right way. If some (extraordinary) things happen from the hearts and souls of such people, this case is called istidraj. That is, they are gradually lowered to the very depths of Hell. What signifies the correctness and goodness of the wonders happening in the heart and soul is all the limbs being embellished with clinging to the Shariat. And this is the right way, the way to salvation! May Allahu ta'ala keep us all on the right way! Amin.
[It is written in the thirty-second article of Majalla, "Being in need does not remove the fact that the right belongs to somebody else." A person who is about to die of hunger may eat something belonging to somebody else as much as to prevent him from dying, yet he has to pay back its value or an equal amount. To eat something which belongs to somebody else is a sin graver than drinking wine.]